Dementia is a condition in the brain that causes a decline in mental abilities, which often results in death. Patients have problems with at least two brain functions, such as memory loss, impaired judgment, language problems or performing daily activities. Understanding the illness helps patients, families, and physicians prepare for the future.
Guidelines recommend computed tomography, or CT scan (followed by magnetic resonance imaging, or MRI, for patients believed to have a tumour) as the best way to find the causes of mild to moderate dementia.
Health Quality Ontario Reviews Neuroimaging to Diagnose Dementia
Both CT scans and MRI are imaging procedures used to check for problems within the brain. Computed tomography uses radiography to look at cross sections of tissue, while MRI uses magnetic fields and radio waves to form images of the body. These two tests are useful for patients whose dementia might have more than one cause and for patients whose type of dementia has been unclear for two or more years.
The Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care endorses this recommendation.
The Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care has provided the following response: The Ministry agrees with this recommendation and encourages health care professionals to adhere to it.