This quality standard is underpinned by the principles of respect and recovery, as described in the Mental Health Strategy for Canada.
People with schizophrenia and their families, caregivers, and personal supports should receive services that are respectful of their rights and dignity and that promote self-determination. They should be engaged in informed shared decision-making with their care providers around their treatment options. Each person is unique and has the right to determine their path toward mental health and well-being.
People with schizophrenia have a right to services provided in an environment that promotes hope, empowerment, and optimism, and that are embedded in the values and practices associated with recovery-oriented care. There are “many intersecting factors (biological, psychological, social, economic, cultural, and spiritual)” that may have an impact on mental health and well-being.
Beyond the hospital-based clinical care that this quality standard focuses on, people with schizophrenia can benefit from a wide range of community and social services, including:
- Peer support
- Family-centred care and support for family members and caregivers
Care for people with schizophrenia should also recognize the specific needs of marginalized, underserved, or other subgroups (e.g., lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer or questioning [LGBTQ] populations, Indigenous populations, specific cultural groups, survivors of sexual abuse or violence).
Care for people with schizophrenia should also incorporate what is referred to as recovery. As described in the Mental Health Strategy for Canada, “recovery—a process in which people living with mental health problems and mental illnesses are actively engaged in their own journey of wellbeing—is possible for everyone. Recovery journeys build on individual, family, cultural, and community strengths and can be supported by many types of services, supports, and treatments.”